The emphasis these days is on leading active
lives. To live life to the fullest we need
to be mobile. That’s why, worldwide, there
has been a tremendous increase in Knee and
Hip Replacement Surgeries.
A key element in a replacement surgery is
the prosthesis or artificial joint that is
used. The choice of joint and its precise
placement goes a long way in affecting the
mobility of the patient and the longevity of
the joint. An ideal joint is one that
ensures maximum mobility and longest
In the world today there are more than 500
different types of joints available for
joint replacement. Joints vary is design, in
the material they are made of, in shape and
size, in cost and so on. Different
manufacturers offer their own range of
One size does not fit all
Internationally Orthopaedic Surgeons work
with manufacturers to customize joints for
patients and hence there are as many
different types of joints as the number of
In India, they decide what joints the Indian
surgeon should use and market them here.
Often, most of the designs that are
available in India have been phased out in
the West or the designs are not very popular
there. These joints are sold cheaply in this
country. They are not the top-end products.
The surgeons are well aware that you cannot
use the same design for every patient.
(different types of disease of the joints
require different types of joints).
Young people will require joints which are
made of material that will last long. Old
people may not require such a joint. Young
people stress their joints by running,
jogging and playing. The joints of young
people will require more mobility. Even
economics decides the types of joints the
surgeon has to use.
Thus the surgeon selects the best joint for
the patient based on age, bone compatibility
and quality, future activity, associated
medical problems and lifestyle.
It’s important that the surgeon should have
freedom of choice in the selection of the
type of joint that has to be used for
replacement and not be restricted to a
The wider the array of joints to choose
from, the greater the likelihood of finding
the ideal joint for the patient.